Interesting discussion of cognitive biases. I was not familiar with a few of the ones mentioned in the article, or was not familiar with the name given to them, particularly base rate bias and projection bias.
I also thought the discussion of how to counter confirmation bias was interesting:
He addresses the logical fallacy of confirmation bias, explaining that people’s tendency, when testing a hypothesis they’re inclined to believe, is to seek examples confirming it. But Nisbett points out that no matter how many such examples we gather, we can never prove the proposition. The right thing to do is to look for cases that would disprove it.
I feel like education has vastly improved my ability to identify and avoid biases. However, sometimes I feel it’s just given me more tools to justify my opinions.
Can training effectively reduce cognitive biases? How do we reduce the negative impact of cognitive biases in individuals and society?